Glossary of Military Terms

Glossary of Military Terms

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Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel

Administers all personnel matters for the U. Finding Aids: Virgil E. Baugh, comp. Saegesser and Harry Schwartz, comps. Security-Classified Records: This record group may include material that is security-classified. History: War Department, established by act of August 7, 1 Stat.

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An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term “officer” refers to commissioned officers, non-commissioned officers , and warrant officers. However, when used without further detail, the term almost always refers to only commissioned officers , the more senior portion of a force who derive their authority from a commission from the head of state.

The proportion of officers varies greatly. Commissioned officers typically make up between an eighth and a fifth of modern armed forces personnel. Historically, however, armed forces have generally had much lower proportions of officers. In the early twentieth century, the Spanish army had the highest proportion of officers of any European army, at Within a nation’s armed forces, armies which are usually larger tend to have a lower proportion of officers, but a higher total number of officers, while navies and air forces have higher proportions of officers, especially since military aircraft are flown by officers and naval ships and submarines are commanded by officers.

For example, Commissioned officers generally receive training as leadership and management generalists, in addition to training relating to their specific military occupational specialty or function in the military. Many advanced militaries such as the United States typically require university degrees as a prerequisite for commissioning, even when accessed from the enlisted ranks. In the Israel Defense Forces, a university degree is a requirement for an officer to advance to the rank of lieutenant colonel and beyond.

The IDF often sponsors the studies for its officers in the rank major , while aircrew and naval officers obtain academic degrees as a part of their training programmes. The first, and primary route are those who receive their commission directly into the officer grades following completion at their relevant military academy.

U.S. Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve

TA is available for courses that are offered in the classroom or by distance learning and is part of an approved academic degree or certificate program. The courses must be offered by schools that are registered in GoArmyEd, are accredited by accrediting agencies that are recognized by the U. In addition to degree programs, TA is available to Soldiers to complete a high school diploma and certificate programs.

TA is not authorized for programs of study beyond a master’s degree. By law, officers who use TA incurs a service obligation. The Services are authorized to establish Service specific eligibility criteria to manage TA funds.

o Provides policy guidance on the duties of Active Guard Reserve personnel o Clarifies policy on marriages between officer and enlisted members and of An officer whose date of rank is earlier than the date of rank of.

On or about 4 June , the board will convene at Headquarters, U. Marine Corps for approximately 2 weeks. Application Deadline. The deadline for submission of application is 26 April Marines should complete their applications and submit them before the established deadline. Electronic Applications. All WO nomination will be submitted electronically in accordance with the instructions provided in the following paragraphs.

Q & A: Enlisted to Officer

After you read this fact sheet, please call the Hotline to talk over your options with a counselor. There are many different kinds of duty to which a reservist might be ordered to appear, including active duty for training, drills, annual training, muster, and mobilization and deployment. Members of the national guard can also be ordered to duty in state emergencies without ever coming under orders from the federal government that is, under Title 10, Armed Forces, of the US Code.

GI Rights Hotline counselors are available for a free, confidential consultation on any of these issues. Any reservist called to active duty under Title 10 U. C is subject to the UCMJ from the date that orders indicate they are to report for duty and any absence on or after that date is punishable by the UCMJ.

and publications for the most up-to-date information on military demographics. Reservists support active duty by being ready and “in reserve” in case active duty 70 percent of officers; 53 percent of enlisted personnel; 7 percent are in.

Air Force Capt. Ledell Joiner and his wife, Staff Sgt. Evelyn Sosatoledo, at their home in Chatan. The Air Force is charging Joiner with disobeying an order against fraternizing with enlisted personnel. Jeffrey A. Steven Kunkle also received an Article 15 amid charges of an improper relationship with a female officer.

Military Retirement With Enlisted And Officer Service

Aviation incentive pay AvIP and the aviation bonuses AvBs may be given to eligible Regular and Reserve Component officers for continued aviation service. Critical skill incentive pay CSIP may be given to eligible Regular and Reserve Component enlisted Service members serving in an aeronautical career field or skill designated as critical by the Secretary of the Military Department concerned for continued aviation service. Payment of aviation pays and bonuses will be in addition to any other pay or allowance to which the Service member is entitled, except where otherwise provided.

AvIP amounts listed are the maximum authorized by the DoD. Each branch of service will establish their own payment tables not to exceed these amounts.

Not less than 90 days prior to approved fleet reserve/retirement date. are permitted to submit requests via the Officer Personnel Information.

The statutory procedure for promotion is a process of selection of the best-qualified officers from a group of generally outstanding officers. Selection boards consider a group of highly-capable officers, which results in a certain number of individuals failing selection one or more times. They are removed if the Senate does not give its advice and consent, or they may be removed if not appointed to a higher grade within 18 months of being on the promotion list.

The President may extend the period for an additional 12 months, and officers so removed remain eligible for consideration for promotion but are considered to have failed of selection for promotion. If subsequently promoted, the officer may be granted the same date of rank, effective date for pay and allowances, and position on the ADL as if his name had not been removed.

The President may extend the period for an additional 12 months, and officers so removed remain eligible for consideration for promotion.

Individual Ready Reserve

The list of terms below is from Today’s Military online guide by the U. Department of Defense. Active Duty Continuous duty on a daily basis. Comparable to “full time” as used in reference to a civilian job. Allowances Money, other than basic pay, to compensate in certain situations for expenses, such as meals, rent, clothing, and travel. Usually given for maintaining proficiency in a specific skill area, such as flying or parachuting.

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Active-Duty Careers. Current or former military officers have the opportunity to apply for a direct commission in the United States Coast Guard. Applicants who are selected to this program will likely receive a duty assignment based on their experience. Following commissioning which occurs approximately 30 days prior to attending the Direct Commission Officer DCO course in New London, Connecticut new officers will execute permanent change of station PCS orders and report directly to their first unit for a brief period.

The DCO course will be 4 weeks in duration. At DCO training, PTMOs receive initial indoctrination to the traditions and programs of the service, and training on service specific administration essentials needed for their success as a commissioned officer in the Coast Guard. PTMOs can anticipate broadening their experience within the community of their initial assignment, with increasing levels of leadership and management exposure with progression in rank.

The ARMY needs more Officers


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